Country of origin là gì

Also known as accumulation.Cumulation is a provision which allows considering goods obtained in or processing taking place in one FTA member country as originating in another.Cumulation is an integral part of trade agreements and enables production sharing within the FTA territory. It is one of the ways lớn provide producers with a greater flexibility in terms of sourcing inputs và parts: it allows to use inputs and parts from suppliers located in FTA partner countries và treat them as originating for the purpose of determining the origin of the final hàng hóa.There are three main types of cumulation: bilateral, diagonal & full. The key difference between the three types is the amount of parties involved and what types of inputs (originating or non-originating) can be used as the basis for cumulation.In most cases two conditions need khổng lồ be fulfilled for any of the above types of cumulation lớn be applied:1) There needs to lớn be a trade agreement or trade agreements between countries wishing lớn cumulate origin; and2) All trade agreements within the cumulation zone should have identical rules of originIn addition, a Mutual Administrative sầu Assistance Agreement need to lớn be in place between all the countries involved to implement cumulation.

Bạn đang xem: Country of origin là gì

Bilateral cumulation: is used in bilateral trade agreements và allows each thành viên of the agreement khổng lồ use products originating in the other without the final good losing its originating status. Goods produced from originating materials in one FTA country and further processed in the other, can then be exported bachồng khổng lồ the first country under preferential treatment. Without cumulation only the inputs originating in the exporting country could be counted towards the originating status.

Diagonal cumulation(also sometimes referred to lớn as regional cumulation): works in the same way as bilateral cumulation but is applied in agreements with more than two members. As is the case with bilateral cumulation, diagonal cumulation can only be applied to lớn goods originating in an FTA member country và further processed in another thành viên country.

Full cumulation: allows cumulation to lớn be applied between any number of countries khổng lồ goods not originating in the FTA thành viên country and processed in the FTA territory. Full cumulation allows cumulating origin-counting processing added across the FTA territory even when the initial input đầu vào is not originating. Full cumulation is the most flexible type of cumulation.

Third các buổi tiệc nhỏ cumulation (also referred lớn as 3rd các buổi tiệc nhỏ, cross or extended cumulation): allows for any of the previous types of cumulation (most commonly bilateral and diagonal) between countries which are not linked by a trade agreement or are linked by a trade agreement with different rules of origin. It allows to use inputs from a third tiệc ngọt country which is not a thành viên of the applicable FTA & consider them originating provided that they meet the rules of origin under the relevant trade agreement. Cross cumulation is the most flexible type of cumulation of originating inputs and is often limited to certain tariff Headings, Subheadings và codes or khổng lồ certain types of products only.

Xem thêm: Phrase Usage: - Work Like A Charm


*
*
*
*

Examples:

Countries A, B & C are linked by a trade agreement with diagonal cumulation. A company located in country A exports originating inputs to its subsidiary in country B. The inputs are further processed in country B and then sold to a client in country C. The goods are subject lớn a value added rule based on a 60% regional value nội dung requirement. Without cumulation the subsidiary in country B could not cumulate the inputs from the parent company in country A with its added value. Diagonal cumulation under the A-B-C FTA allows the regional value in country A and B to lớn be added together when the good is exported khổng lồ country C.

Under the same scenario with full cumulation, a company in country A imports a non-originating product from outside the FTA territory & processes it to lớn a degree which is not sufficient lớn confer origin under A-B-C FTA. It then exports it lớn its subsidiary in country B as non-originating hàng hóa. The subsidiary processes the good further. If the cumulative regional value nội dung added by countries A và B during the separate processing stages exceeds 60%, the good can be exported lớn a client in country C under preferential tariff as originating in the FTA territory.

Under the same scenario, where countries A & B & B & C are linked by two trade agreements with different rules of origin, third các buổi party cumulation can be applied. A company located in country A exports originating inputs lớn its subsidiary in country B under the A-B FTA. The inputs are further processed in country B và then sold lớn a client in country C. The goods are subject to a 60% regional value nội dung requirement under the B-C FTA. Without cross cumulation the 60% threshold requirement needs khổng lồ be fulfilled in country B without the ability to lớn count inputs from country A towards the originating content. Cross cumulation under the two FTAs allows inputs from country A lớn be treated as originating under the B-C FTA under certain conditions specified in the agreement.


*
What are free trade agreements?
*
What are rules of origin?
*
How to use this site?
*
What should exporters do?
*
What should importers do?
*
What is an HS code?

Grow your exports

by using trade agreements

Rules of Origin Facilitator is the first comprehensive sầu global online resource on tariffs, trade agreements and rules of origin designed with SMEs in mind. The tool enables you in a few clicks to lớn find out import duties in foreign markets applicable to lớn your hàng hóa, available duty savings, detailed rules of origin, và certification procedures.

Xem thêm: Nghĩa Của Từ Lạnh Lùng Là Gì ? Làm Thế Nào Để Trở Nên Lạnh Lùng Hơn

Rules of Origin Facilitator is a global public good và is absolutely không tính tiền to lớn all users.