Arti kata it is essential that dalam kamus bahasa inggris

The English subjunctive is a special, relatively rare verb form that expresses something desired or imagined.

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We use the subjunctive sầu mainly when talking about events that are not certain lớn happen. For example, we use the subjunctive when talking about events that somebody:

wants lớn happenanticipates will happenimagines happening

Base Subjunctive

Form of base subjunctive

The form of the base subjunctive is extremely simple. For all verbs & all persons, the khung is the base of the verb, for example: be, have sầu, vày, go, sing, work

The base subjunctive does not use any other forms (goes, sings, works).

This table shows the base subjunctive in all persons, using the verbs be, worksing as examples:

base-subjunctivebeworksing
Ibeworksing
youbeworksing
he, she, itbeworksing
webeworksing
youbeworksing
they beworksing

Note that the subjunctive does not change at all according to person (I, you, he etc).

Use of base subjunctive

In certain that clauses

The base subjunctive is typically used in that clauses after two structures:

1. suggest-verb (or noun) + that

advise, ask, comm&, dem&, desire, insist, order, prefer, propose, recommend, request, suggestcomm&, demand, order, proposal, recommendation, request, suggestion

2. advisable/anxious-adjective sầu + that

advisable, best, crucial, desirable, essential, imperative sầu, important, necessary, unthinkable, urgent, vitaladamant, anxious, determined, eager, keen

Look at these sentences which include examples of the above:


main clausesuggest-verbthat clausewith subjunctive
Hesuggeststhatyoubepresent at the meeting.
The boardrecommendthathejointhe company.
Herequestedthatthe car parknotbelocked at night.

main clausesuggest-nounthat clausewith subjunctive
They made asuggestionthatwebeearly.
He made aproposalthatthe companybuymore l&.
The president has issued anorderthatthe secretaryresignnext month.

main clauseadvisable-adjectivethat clausewith subjunctive
It isadvisablethatsherestfor a week.
It wasessentialthatthe armyadvancerapidly.
After the landing, it will bevitalthatevery soldiernotusea radio.

main clauseanxious-adjectivethat clausewith subjunctive
Tara isanxiousthatyoureturnsoon.
They arekeenthathenotbehurt.
We weredeterminedthatitremainsecret.

Notice above↑:

the position of not when creating negationthat the main clause can be in any tense

Look at some more examples, which include that clauses in negative sầu & continuous form:

The judges order that he stay the execution.We have sầu made a request that we not be disturbed.It is important that a oto be waiting when we arrive.The manager was eager that his visitor see the new building.The board of directors recommended that he not be dismissed.Have sầu you seen my suggestion that work hours be reduced?
The use of the subjunctive as above sầu is more common in American English than in British English, where should structures are often used:It was essential that we should vote the following day.He requested that the oto park should not be locked at night.
be after if

We sometimes use subjunctive be after if/whether, though this is rather formal, especially in British English:

If thatbe(not)the case,I intend to lớn report the matter.

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Whether hebeprepared or not,
If this be error & upon me proved,I never writ, nor no man ever loved. William ShakespeareFixed expressions

lưu ý the following fixed expressions with the subjunctive:

Bless you!God bless America!God save the Queen.Long live the President!Heaven forbid!Heaven help us!

were-Subjunctive

Form of were-subjunctive

were-subjunctivebe
Iwere
youwere
he, she, itwere
wewere
youwere
they were

lưu ý that the subjunctive sầu does not change according to person (I, you, he etc).

Use of were-subjunctive

In the following examples, you can see that we sometimes use the were-subjunctive (instead of was) after:

ifas ifwishsuppose

Note that in these cases were is always correct, but was is possible in informal language:


Formal with wereInformal with was
I would go if I were younger.I would go if I was younger.
If he were not so mean, he would buy one.If he wasn"t so mean, he would buy one.
I"d tell her if I were you.We vì chưng not normally say "if I was you" even in colloquial language.
It"s not as if I were ugly.It"s not as if I was ugly.
She acts as if she were the Queen.She acts as if she was the Queen.
I wish I weren"t so slow!I wish I wasn"t so slow!
I wish the computer were working.I wish the computer was working.
Suppose she were here. What would you say?Suppose she was here. What would you say?

If I Were a Rich Man Fiddler on the RoofIf I were a boy BeyoncéIf I were a carpenterAnd you were a lady,Would you marry me anyway?Would you have sầu my baby? Tlặng Hardin
Strange as it may seem, although the words hopewish seem to lớn be similar, we vị not use the subjunctive sầu with hope. Correct sentences with hope would be, for example:I hope that this computer works.I hope that this computer is working.

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Subjunctive Quiztienhieptruyenky.com : Learn English : Grammar : Verbs : Subjunctive
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