Relative clauses


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Devon Balwit
September 1, năm 2016
How Can I Improve sầu My English?

Students of English make the following common relative clause error.

The chair that I am sitting isn’t comfortable.The person who I live is my cousin.The school which I go is in Oregon.

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They forget lớn include the preposition that goes with the verb và comes before the object of the preposition:

The chair that I am sitting in isn’t comfortable.

The person who I live sầu with is my cousin.

The school which I go to is in Oregon.

Many common verbs are followed by prepositions before their object.

A partial danh sách includes verbs such as:

think aboutwork withgo tospeak withlook forride onpay forworry aboutlive sầu withcare aboutwrite aboutlook at
Let’s focus on the verb “look at”—

We look at something or someone. That something or someone is the object of the preposition “at.”

I am looking at a woman.She is looking at the water.

If I want lớn turn these sentences into adjective sầu clauses, I must keep the preposition:

The woman at whom I am looking is sitting near the ocean.The water at which she is looking is blue.

Putting the preposition first sounds very formal. I can also write the first sentence in these less formal ways:

The woman who I am looking at is sitting near the ocean.The woman that I am looking at is sitting near the ocean.The woman I am looking at is sitting near the ocean.

I only need to use whom if it follows the preposition. Otherwise, I can use who, that, or nothing at all (since the relative pronoun is an object).I can rewrite the second sentence like this:The water which she is looking at is xanh.The water that she is looking at is xanh.The water she is looking at is blue.

While the relative pronoun can change or be deleted, and while the position of the preposition at can change, I must always keep the preposition at.

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Let’s focus on a new verb, “pay for”:

I can pay for a friend (as in treat the friend). I can pay for dinner.

The friover for whom I paid had a birthday. The dinner for which I paid was expensive.The friover who I paid for had a birthday. The dinner which I paid for was expensive.The frikết thúc that I paid for had a birthday. The dinner that I paid for was expensive.The friover I paid for had a birthday. The dinner I paid for was expensive sầu.

Now you try.

Next, follow that noun with an adjective sầu clause using the verb think about.The plan that he is thinking aboutThe woman who he is thinking aboutFinally, be sure the head noun has a verb after the adjective clause.The plan that he is thinking about will take a lot of work.The woman who he is thinking about is his girlfrikết thúc.

Or, this noun can be the object:

I know the plan.I have never met the woman.

If it is the object, you just need to follow the object with the relative clause.

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I know the plan that he is thinking about.I have sầu never met the woman that he is thinking about.

Practice a few more times with the other verbs above sầu, and you will be an advanced writer in English!